The Collie puppy makes a great sporting puppy, and can be taught to do the perform with the Pointer along with the Setter, too as that of the Water Spaniel along with the Retriever. He might be trained to perform the duties of other breeds. He’s clever at hunting, having a great nose, is a great vermin-killer, along with a most faithful watch, guard, and companion.
Small is recognized with certainty of the origin on the Collie, but his cunning and his outward appearance would seem to indicate a relationship using the wild canine. Buffon was of opinion that he was the correct dog of nature, the stock and model on the complete canine species. He considered the Sheepdog superior in instinct and intelligence to all other breeds, and that, which includes a character in which education has comparatively tiny share, he is the only animal born perfectly qualified for the service of man.
With the shows this form of canine is invariably for the best with the class. He’s regarded as by far the most tractable, and is certainly the most agile. Second to this kind in favour is the smooth-coated variety, an extremely tricky, beneficial canine, effectively adapted for hill operate and generally extremely fleet of foot. He is just not so sweet in temper as the black and white, and is slow to make pals. There isn’t a much more graceful and physically wonderful canine to be seen than the demonstrate Collie with the present period. Produced in the old working variety, he’s now practically a distinct breed.
The skull need to be flat, moderately wide in between the ears, and gradually tapering towards the eyes. There really should only be a slight depression at stop. The width of skull necessarily depends upon combined duration of skull and muzzle; as well as the total should be considered in connection with all the size from the canine. The cheek must not be total or prominent.
The muzzle really should be of fair length, tapering towards nose, and have to not display weakness or be snipy or lippy. Whatever the colour of the canine may well be, the nose should be black. The teeth ought to be of good size, sound and level; quite slight unevenness is permissible. The jaws Clean cut and powerful. The eyes are an extremely important feature, and give expression towards canine; they need to be of medium size, set relatively obliquely, of almond shape, and of a brown colour except inside case of merles, when the eyes are frequently (1 or both) blue and white or china; expression full of intelligence, with a quick alert appear when listening. The ears must be tiny and moderately wide with the base, and placed not too close together but within the top of the skull and not about the side on the head. When in repose they should be usually carried thrown back, but when around the alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, with ideas slightly drooping in attitude of listening.
The neck really should be muscular, powerful and of fair length, and somewhat arched. The body must be strong, with properly sprung ribs, chest deep, fairly broad behind the shoulders, which should be sloped, loins very powerful. The dog should be straight in front. The fore-legs should be straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with a fair amount of bone; the forearm relatively fleshy, the pasterns showing flexibility without weakness. The hind-legs ought to be muscular with the thighs, clean and sinewy below the hocks, with properly bent stifles. The feet must be oval in shape, soles perfectly padded, and also the toes arched and close together.
In general character he’s a lithe active dog, his deep chest displaying lung power, his neck strength, his sloping shoulders and perfectly bent hocks indicating speed, and his expression higher intelligence. He need to be a fair length within the leg, giving him far more of the racy than a cloddy appearance. In a couple of words, a Collie must demonstrate endurance, activity, and intelligence, with totally free and true action. In height dogs must be 22 ins. to 24 ins. in the shoulders, bitches 20 ins. to 22 ins. The weight for dogs is 45 to 65 lbs., bitches 40 to 55 lbs. The smooth collie only differs in the rough in its coat, which ought to be hard, dense and very smooth.